Complex situations that may require a lawyer
While Willful is a good fit for the majority of Canadians, there are a number of situations that can add complexity to your will and require legal advice from a lawyer. These are the most common complexities that we see:
While our documents were created by our legal advisors in each of our active provinces, Willful is not a law firm and we cannot give you any legal advice. If you have legal questions or need advice specific to your situation, we recommend seeking assistance from a local estate lawyer.
Willful treats separation as legally-married, meaning that you are not able to disinherit your previous spouse. If you are separated you should seek advice from a lawyer to create a separation agreement and ensure that your property is passed on exactly how you intend.
A Henson Trust is often used by those who want to protect assets for a beneficiary living with a disability. Willful does not offer the ability to create any trust (your Executor/Estate Trustee will set that up as part of their duties after the testator has passed) including a Henson Trust since there are many factors unique to a person’s situation that need to be considered. It’s best to seek legal advice from a lawyer with experience in creating Henson Trusts.
With dual wills, different wills are used to handle different assets either to deal with assets in multiple jurisdictions or to minimize probate fees. This requires careful consideration to ensure that one will does not revoke the other, a task best left to estate lawyers with experience creating dual wills.
If you would like to exclude a dependent like a child or spouse from your will, due to provincial laws that govern a child/spouse’s right to your estate, this will likely require an explicit note that Willful currently does not support. If this is something you require, it is best to work with an estate lawyer to draft your will accordingly. If you are concerned that a family member may challenge your wishes for any reason, you may want to seek legal advice to include specific instructions around their exclusion.
Willful doesn’t support adding free form text or custom clauses at this time, and we don’t support many complex scenarios (for example any “if this then that” scenarios, tiered wishes, or gifts that are dependent on something happening). If you want the ability to write in custom clauses, you should visit a lawyer. Note that funeral/burial wishes aren’t legally-binding, so if it’s additional wishes related to those you can type up a letter outlining those wishes and store with your will. If you aren’t sure what constitutes a complex scenario, please reach out to us and we’re happy to direct you accordingly.
Other considerations that add complexity
If your executor resides in another country, there may be tax implications or difficulties accessing bank accounts in Canada. You should speak with a tax advisor before assigning an out-of-country executor.
If you want to choose an out-of-province executor, they may be required to post an estate bond. At this time, Willful does not offer the ability to include a clause allowing your executor to serve without bond. If this is something you’d like to include in your will, you should visit a lawyer. You can read more on out-of-province executors here.
While Willful does cover property owned in another province/country, how that asset is taxed varies depending on which jurisdiction the property is located in and the laws of that jurisdiction. For example in Canada there is no inheritance tax, but that’s not the case in many countries. To be safe, you may want to consult a tax advisor, financial planner, or lawyer in that jurisdiction to understand the implications of foreign assets. It is best to do research to make sure you are comfortable using Willful to create your legal documents.
If you are still unsure if Willful is the right fit for your situation, you can also always live chat, call or email us to ask. We want to ensure that every Canadian gets a proper estate plan in place - even if that means directing you to create your will elsewhere.